Capacitor is an electronic component that stores energy in its electric field. It is the symbol of a generic capacitor. It is a non-polar capacitor having fixed capacitance value. It can be connected in either direction. The second symbol represents an obsolete capacitor symbols used for non-polar capacitors.
Polarized Electrolytic Capacitor
Such type of capcitors uses electrolyte as one of its electrode that is why they are polarized. The have positive and negative terminals and the top of these symbols represent the positive terminals. A polarized capacitor must be connected in circuit accordingly, otherwise it will blow up. The first two symbols are used in Europe (IEC “new”) while the next two symbols in US (IEEE “old”) . The 5th symbol for capacitor is used in japan.
This symbol represents a variable capacitance whose capacitance can be varied during normal operation. The capacitance is varied by increasing or decreasing the effective area between the plates that effects the capacitance of the capacitor. They are used in LC tuning circuits.
It is also a variable capacitor whose capacitance is used to calibrate a circuit during manufacturing or troubleshooting a circuit. The capacitance of such capacitor is not normally changed by users during operation.
They are also known as non polar electrolytic capacitor. It is made of two electrolytic capacitor in such design that they can be used in any polarity. They differ from generic ceramic non polar capacitor by having large capacitance.
Feed through Capacitor
This type of capacitor is designed for DC power supply in RF systems. It supply the pure DC signal & also filters any RF component from it.
Voltage Dependent Capacitor
The capacitance of such capacitor depend on the applied voltage. Increasing or decreasing the supply voltages changes the size of the dielectric gap between the plates which increases the capacitance.
Temperature Dependent Capacitor
These capacitors capacitance depends on its surrounding temperature. The temperature increase or decrease may increase or decrease the capacitance of the capacitor. They are used in temperature sensing application.
It is a variable capacitor with two operate stator and one common rotor. Moving the rotor increases the capacitance in one section & simultaneously decreases it in the other section. However the total capacitance remains the same.
Split Stator Capacitor
As the name suggest, such type of variable capacitor has two set of stators that are separated at 180° . A common shaft rotates the rotor that has the same vanes placed 180° apart. Such capacitors do not have the 90° limitation of a generic variable capacitor.
Dual Ganged Capacitor
It is the combination of two variable capacitor. The variable rotor of these both capacitors is controlled using a single shaft. Thus they provide variable capacitance in both capacitors by moving a single rotor.
Such type of variable capacitor has two separate stators opposite to each other mounted on the body of the capacitor. The rotor whose plates are also butterfly shaped, rotates between these two stators. The capacitance in such capacitor varies equally between either stator & rotor. They are used in symmetrically tuned circuits.
Tempatrimmer or also known as thermotrimmer is a small trimmer capacitor with a variable temperature coefficient. They are used in stabilizing the drifting VFos.